Signal-Integrity deals with operations directly on the PCB. The
proper circuit function in terms of crosstalk, timing and
TML-impedance matching is detailed examined.
Simulative radiation and irradiation studies represent equivalent
measurements in the EMC chamber. The goal of such investigations are
to determine which PCB circuits are most frequency sensitive. Layout
changes of PCB transmission lines could be analysed regarding
effectiveness right before measurements again are carried out.
ESD simulations help to estimates which PCB component size and
locations are critical for the unloading respond. This catches the
case of malfunctions and goes up to permanent damage of affected PCB
components. The ESD gun replica and the modeling of the
electromagnetic discharge requires 3D simulation tool.